A Brief History of Paper Sewing Patterns

A Brief History of Paper Sewing Patterns

Did you know that paper sewing patterns have been around for over 150 years?

Although there are records of clothing patterns dating from 1589, this storystarts in 1860, which is when William and Ellen Demorest began the home sewing pattern industry by holding fashion shows in their homes and selling the patterns. Patterns were of unprinted paper, cut to shape, and could be purchased "flat" (folded), or "made up" whereby the pattern pieces were tacked into position to compensate for the absence of detailed instructions. The Demorests published a magazine, The Mirror of Fashion, which listed hundreds of different patterns, most available in only one size. One of Ellen's patterns would be stapled into a magazine with illustrations of the latest fashions with instructions for ordering more. Ellen also added her sewing tips and fitting instructions to the magazine. This marketing innovation was copied by various later pattern makers including Vogue.

Home sewing had just begun to proliferate with the introduction of the sewing machine in the mid 1800's. The sewing pattern was invented at just the right time to keep the Demorests' business prospering even through the CivilWar. William ran the pattern factory, magazine, and finances, while Ellen concentrated on fashion and expanding their market. She soon had men's and children's pattern lines, with scouts in London and Paris to keep her informed of the latest fashions.

By 1865, their magazine, renamed and now a monthly, had a circulation of 100,000 subscribers, and they had a network of 300 shops which carried Demorests' paper patterns. The tragedy of the Demorests is that William never patented the Demorest paper pattern. In the 1880's, Ebenezer Butterick obtained the patents for his patterns and soon became the leading competitor. With pressure from Butterick, McCall and other emerging pattern companies, the Demorests sold their pattern business in 1887, setting the stage for a new generation of pattern makers.

The Butterick Company was launched in 1863 by Ebenezer Butterick with heavy cardboard templates for children's clothing. Butterick's innovation was offering every pattern in a series of standard, graded sizes. Family members cut and folded the first patterns that were sold from their home. In 1866 Butterick began manufacturing patterns for women's fashions, and later added some articles of men's clothing, both of which were publicised in a fashion magazine introduced in 1873. Their patterns started as unprinted tissue paper cut to shape, folded and held together by a pinned (later pasted-on) label with an image and, later, brief instructions. Envelopes to hold the patterns were introduced in the early 1900s followed by a separate instruction sheet in the 1910’s. In 1948, they purchased two new presses specially designed to print markings directly onto the pattern tissue. It is estimated that Butterick had sold 6 million clothing patterns by 1871!!

The McCall Pattern Company was established in 1870 by a Scottish tailor named James McCall. Patterns were unprinted until 1919, when they started printing information directly onto the pattern pieces. In the 1920s, selected patterns had full colour illustrations on their pattern envelopes. In 1932 they started printing full colour illustrations on all pattern envelopes. McCall usually printed the date of release on their envelopes (the only company which consistently did so before mid-century), which makes it easy to date their patterns.

A spinoff of Vogue Magazine's weekly pattern feature Vogue Pattern Service began in 1899. In 1909 Condé Nast bought Vogue, resulting in the formation of the Vogue Pattern Company in 1914. In 1961 Condé Nast entered in a licensing agreement with the Butterick Company.

The first ‘Madame Weigel’ pattern was issued in Australia in 1878 by Johanna and Oscar Weigel, who had recently emigrated from the United States. The first issues of “Weigel’s Journal of Fashion” appeared in March 1880. Weigels dominated the paper pattern industry in Australia for over 90 years, and their patterns are now considered as collectable. 

Simplicity Pattern company was established in 1927 by Joseph Shapiro. Simplicity aimed to create and reproduce patterns that were easy to use and affordable to the average household, being sold for about 15 cents (US). Their unprinted patterns ended in 1946 and were all printed thereafter. In 1931 Simplicity partnered with the Woolworth company to produce DuBarry patterns, which were manufactured from 1931 to 1946, and were sold for 10 cents (US).

Other pattern companies from around this time included Advance, which produced patterns from 1933 to 1966, and the New York Pattern Company which started in 1932 until early 1950s. These patterns had drawn figures rather than photos on the envelope and the paper was non glossy.

Burda patterns has a slightly different history. Hubert Burda Media (founded by Hubert Burda’s grandfather, Franz Burda I) is a German magazine publishing company that started back in 1898. In 1949, Aenne Burda, Hubert Burda’s mother and Franz Burda II’s wife, decided to introduce a fashion magazine focused on sewing in order to make high fashion more accessible for every woman, particularly those who couldn’t afford to shop designer and those who didn’t have access to fashion because of where they lived. Thus began BurdaStyle magazine (initially called Burda Moden) in 1950. The Burda sewing patterns were included in the magazine a short two years later.

Kwik Sew has been creating home-sewing patterns since 1967. Kwik Sew’s success can be credited to its founder, Kerstin Martensson. She began as a ready-to-wear manufacturing pattern maker, then shared her sewing techniques for knits and stretch fabrics, and eventually became an international business owner. It was her life-long passion for sewing, coupled with her dedication to creating patterns for sewers of all skill levels, that set the foundation for Kwik Sew's success and made Kerstin Martensson an innovative industry leader.

Kwik Sew became a part of The McCall Pattern Company at the close of 2011, embarking on an exciting new era while continuing Kerstin’s vision and Kwik Sew's style that its customers love.

In recent times, many independent (indie) pattern designers have sprung up. At time of writing there are over 350 pattern designers listed in the Sewing Directory. Many of the patterns on offer are PDF downloads only, some are for lingerie only, some for children’s wear, some for active wear. This list includes the indie pattern designers we have in stock, such as Tessuti, Colette, Grainline Studio, Merchant and Mills, Thread Theory, and Tadah, with more to come. There has been a rise in popularity of this industry, as evidenced by the sheer number of designers available. This could be due to the fact that indie pattern designers have recreated the sewing pattern. The most successful indie patterns are much more than just templates and instructions. Many are in effect sewing lessons, chock full of photos, videos, and helpful tips. Instead of assuming you already know, they assume you could use some guidance and happily give it, not only in the pattern but online, where their blogs often include sew-a-longs where garments are made step by step online. There is also more ready access to the designers when questions need to be asked, which is not generally available through the big four companies.

Sources:

3 comments

  1. Fascinating history, I never knew paper patterns had begun way back in the 1860’s ! I remember an episode of The Great British Sewing Bee ( season 1 I think) where the contestants had to use vintage paper patterns from the WW2 era, and they explained how the patterns were printed with a series of little holes to mark darts etc. as the papers were not printed back then.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • No products in the cart.